Civil Services in India
Civil Services provide a platform for the young dynamic Indians to uphold administrative positions in State and Union Governments. It is not merely an administrative job but it has elucidated omnipresent challenges. Civil Services in India provide an opportunity to an individual to serve the nation and project the route for bringing appropriate and ethical changes required in the present machinery. The Civil Services in India are thrown open via a competitive examination conducted by the UPSC in three stages at present. Following are the services which are conferred to an individual who have passed all three stages of the civil services examination:
1. Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
2) Indian Foreign Service. (IFS)
3) Indian Police Service.(IPS)
4) Indian P & T Accounts &; Finance Service, Group ‘A’.
5) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
6) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.
7) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
8) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
9) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager,Administration).
10) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.
11) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
12) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
13) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
14) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’
15) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
16) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
17) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
18) Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III).
19) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group “A”.
20) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
21) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar
Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’.
22) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar
Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’.
23) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’.
24) Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.
The administrative services in India were started by the British, before 1833 only the Europeans could enter the administrative or the executive wing of the government, but after the legislation of Charter Act 1833, No Indian subject of the company was disbanded from office.However it was in 1864 that SATYENDRA NATH TAGORE became the first ICS servant. The Indian Civil Service (ICS), which after 1886 was officially called the Imperial Civil Service and was also known as the British India Civil Service, was the élite higher civil service of the Government of India in the period of the British Raj.
At the time of the Partition of India in 1947, the ICS was divided between India and Pakistan.Although these are now organized differently, the contemporary Civil Services of India and thePakistan Civil Service are both descended from the old ICS.The present modern civil service of India is mostly followed on the pattern of the Indian Civil Service of the British Raj. It was formed after Independence of India in 1947 from the British Raj. It was Sardar Patel’s vision that the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and national unity. He wanted a strong and vibrant federal administrative system in which the All India Services would play an important role. True to his conviction, the Civil Services have provided the framework for the administration of the country. The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of our civil services.
Advantages of being Civil Servant
Being a Civil Servant itself is the matter of pride and honour. No other service in India, carry the same amount of responsibility, power and prestige what is being possessed by a civil servant. After qualifying for IAS, a person is designated as Sub- Divisional Magistrate (SDM) and in country like India, the area and the population varies from one sub division to another. Being a SDM, a person has to cater the demand for governance for all individuals falling under the jurisdiction of his/ her sub division. The smallest sub division in India has the minimum population of ten thousand people, whereas a big sub-division may have the maximum limit of ten lakhs people. Thus every IAS/IPS face the similar challenge of deliverance of governance and only young boys & girls who actually have a zenith of taking challenging tasks, can vouch for becoming an IAS or IPS officer.
India is presently at crossroads and the next 20 to 30 years will determine whether we would remain a backward, feudal, poor country or will take our rightful place in the global pantheon of nations who will determine the destiny of human kind. Why next 20 years? Because India has the youngest average age among the major countries. To make the best use of this demographic dividend, we must have an educated, skilful and healthy population. Young dynamic IAS officers like “YOU” will be the agents of transformation by implementing the various new programs on Social sector development.
The salaries and other perks of civil servants have increased after the implementation of the 6th Commission and the 7th CEO of a MNC after around 30 years of service. But as an IAS officer, you will have the responsibility of improving the living standards of lakhs of people in a district immediately after your training period of 2-3 years. What can be more challenging than this?